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  • Library AND Information Service

Professional Communication for EMS: Evaluating Information

Evaluating information - CRAAP Test


Evaluating Websites

Finding credible academic sources

What is an academic/peer-reviewed article?

Peer-reviewed or academic articles are articles written by academics/experts/researchers on a specific field of study. These articles usually contain a bibliography at the end of the article and information on the author’s academic qualifications and university at the beginning of the article. A peer-reviewed journal article was reviewed by people with credentials in the article's field of study before being accepted for publication.

Credible academic sources

From a reputable source/institution- publisher, University, Research Unit, Company

Creator is an expert in their field, and affiliated with a reputable institution

§Validity :
The research was conducted in a manner that is commonly accepted in the field, and is evident in the article

The information can be verified