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Bibliometrics and citation analysis: Google Scholar

Calculating h-index using Google Scholar

With Google Scholar there are a variety of sites and programs that can help you calculate your h-index. These are generally free and quality varies.

Recommended sites and services:

Benefits of using Google Scholar

  • Covers a wider range of sources, (especially conferences, technical reports and eprints)
  • Easier to calculate some of the less proprietary data thus more innovation)
  • Free

Disadvantages of using Google Scholar

  • May be considered a less authoritative source than Web of Science
  • More difficult to search where there are multiple authors with the same family name & initials, with limited options to refine.

Why use Google Scholar


The citation information in Google Scholar is extracted from the scholarly journal articles within the Scholar database and from the U.S. patents contained in the Google Patents database.   Users have the option to eliminate the patents as the source of citation data and/or the option to include citations from legal journals and opinions from the federal and state courts.     If a publication has been cited by these sources, it will contain a "Cited By Link" in its entry; clicking on that link will display the citing journal articles and patents (and the court opinions, if selected).

Google Scholar Citation Counts

  1. Go to Google Scholar.
  2. Select Advanced Scholar Search (Select the lines in the top left corner, and select advanced search from the pop-out menu).
  3. Enter the appropriate search terms for the item under study.  Enter just enough information to find what you need - do not fill in the complete search form.    
  4. Click on the Search Scholar button.
  5. Locate the correct article in the search results list.
  6. If the article was cited by others, you will see a "Cited by" link at the bottom of the record. Click this link to view who has cited this item. For more information about searching see Google Scholar's Help pages.