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Text in the Humanities: How to combine keywords

Subject information for students of Text in the Humanities

Search tips

Usually, when searching for information, more than one keyword is required. To combine keywords, use one of these:

AND; OR; NOT

AND: All the keywords will be present in the result list. AND usually limits the search results

For example:  Internet AND “political participation” AND democracy

OR : Any of the keywords used will be present. It broadens your results by connecting two or more synonyms.

 For example:  “social media” OR facebook OR instagram

NOT: if you want to exclude a keyword from your result list. NOT may exclude relevant findings from the result list.

For example: "social media" NOT blogs

Quotation marks “…….”

two or more words that form a single concept/phrase

For example “South Africa”   

                       “attention deficit disorder”

Truncation *

Use truncation for words with the same stem

For example: work* = work, works, worker, working, etc.

Parentheses / Brackets

Eg (cars OR motors OR busses) AND driving

The results will contain driving and either or all of the words cars OR  motors OR busses

Wildcarts

Use a symbol for one letter of a word

Example:

behavio?r = behaviour or behavior

Colo!r = color OR colour

 

For example: See keyword search strings below:

(social media OR INTERNET OR TWITTER OR FACEBOOK OR INSTAGRAM) AND (“CIVIC ATTITUDES” OR “CIVIC VALUES” OR VALUE* OR ATTITUDE* OR “POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR” OR “POLTICAL BAHAVIOR“ OR “POLITICAL PARTICIPATION” OR PARTICIPATION) AND (DEMOCRAC* OR E-DEMOCRACY)

(“HIGH CONFLICT COUPLES” OR “LOWER INCOME” OR “LOW INCOME” OR LIC )  AND (EFFECT OR SYMPTOM* AND ANXIETY OR “ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER”)  AND CHILDREN

FATIGUE AND FIBROMYALGIA AND ("LIVED EXPERIENCE" OR EXPERIENCE*) AND (FAMILY OR PARENTS)